TBT: Parageography Outline #3

So I’ve been doing a Throwback Thursday series in which I replicate all Dr. Parker’s parageography course outlines. Here is the third, which is quite long and is about the parageography of The Odyssey:

ODYSSEY: Hero On the Loose, or Myth and Landscape in the Odyssey

[and some Greek I cannot reproduce, nor read]

I. Over the Shoulder at the Creation: A Note on Hesiod’s Theogony
     A. Creating the Landscape = Peopling the Landscape
          1. From LARGE to small
     B. Fundamental Opposition: Earth:Sky::Female:Male
          1. The Residents
          2. The Invaders
     C. A Look at a Battle or Two
          1. Mountains and Titans
          2. Mountains and Giants
II. Further Notes on the Indiana Syndrome…
     A. You use what you got, or, Kirke in La Porte IN
     B. No, she isn’t there any more, but…
III. . . . Bringing Us to the Apologia of the Odyssey
     A. Not right around town
     B. A Note on the Periphery
     C. Island-Hopping, or, “The Archipelago Effect”
IV. Foci of Odysseus’ Voyage: “True” Maps
     A. Hecataeus I [Appendix One]: The Admission of Funk
     B. Hecataeus II [Appendix Two]: The Insistence of Certainty
     C. Joyce’s Homer: Victor Bérard, Les Phéniciens et l’Odyssée: The Grand Solution
V. Foci of Odysseus’ Voyage: Various Schematics of “Moral Space”
     A. Profit-and-Loss Flowchart: The Odyssey as a Board Game: [Appendix Three]
     B. Appetitive Voyaging
          1. East, West, Home’s Best: The Odyssey as Grid [Appendix Four]
               a. Of course, one fudges a bit
          2. The Squat Towers of Ithaka: The Odyssey as Graph [Appendix Five]
               a. Questions of Weighting: 50/50 is About Right
               b. What about Thrinakie? or Skylla/Kharybdis?
     C. Beings and Nothingness: Approaching the Strange
     D. Some other Organizing Elements
          1. Eating[Eaten]-Changes
               a. Lotophagoi: -ing lotos, to Craving/Lassitude
               b. Kyklopes: -en by Giant, to Food
               c. Laistrygones: -en by Giants, to Food
               d. Kirke: -ing food, to Pigs
               e. Land of Dead: -ing by Ghosts of blood, to substance
               f. Skylla: -en by Monster, to Food
               g. Thrinakie: -ing of Cattle, to Curse
          2. Caves
               a. Kyklopes: Cave of Polyphemos
               b. Skylla: Monster in Cave
               c. Kalypso: Goddess in Cave
               d. Ithaka: Cave of Nymphs by Shore
          3. Palaces
               a. Aiolos: Palace w/ brazen wall on floating island
               b. Kirke: House of wrought stone
               c. Phaiakia: Palace of Alkinoos
               d. Ithaka: Palace of Odysseus
          4. Pleasaunces
               a. [Lotophagoi: Pleasaunce? at least it has lotos]
               b. Kirke: Well-tended garden
               c. [Kharybdis: there’s an olive-tree in midsea]
               d. Kalypso: Pleasaunce wilder than Kirke’s, but birds, trees
               e. Phaiakia: One of the most famous gardens in antiquity
               f. Ithaka: Pleasaunce: Laertes’ orchard
          5. Women
               a. Laistrygones: Antiphates’ daughter
               b. Aiaia: Kirke
               c. Land of Dead: Antikleia, plus the Catalogue
               d. mid-sea: the Sirens
               e. mid-sea: Skylla [feminine; not the sea-bird]
               f. Thrinakie: the three daughters of the Sun
               g. Ogygia: Kalypso
               h. Skheria: Nausikaa
               i. Ithaka: Penelope
          6. Nothing-Places
               a. Lotophagoi [hardly anything]
               b. Kyklopes [defined negatively: a non-place, a nowhere]
               c. Aiaia [is this fair to Kirke?]
               d. Kharybdis [the perfect oubliette]
               e. Ogygia [that’s what Kalypso’s name indicates]
VI. Places to Stay: Approaches to Paradise
     A. Minimal Paradise: The Land of the Lotophagoi [p.147]
          1. One big fact, and nothing else
     B. Wee Paradise: Ogygia, Kalypso’s Island [p.83]
          1. Heremes goes into the garden [p.83]
          2. Minimal Goddess, or, What’s in a Name?
          3. The Drawback
     C. Slightly Larger and Grander Paradise: Aiaia, Kirke’s Island
          1. Through the Woods and into the PEACEABLE KINGDOM [p.171]
          2. Goddess, Witch, and Sole Proprietress: Kirke
          3. The Drawback
     D. The Five-Star Paradise, or Men Like Gods: Skherie & the Phaiakians
          1. Odysseus goes through the Palace and into the Garden [p.113–115]
          2. Inhabitants of this Delightful Spot: Alkinoos, Nausikaa, et al.
          3. The Drawbacks
               a. Inside/Outside
               b. Limited Limitlessness
     E. Impossible Paradises, but still, they’re the logical conclusions
          1. Olympos [p.100]
               a. Something about the Weather
               b. The Drawback
          2. Elysion [p.89]
               a. Something about the Weather
               b. The Drawback [curious, no?]
     F. Some Paradises Gone Wrong
          1. Pastoral Retreat: Thrinakie, the Island of the Sun’s Daughters [p.213]
          2. And, of course, the Land of the Cyclopes, that Pastoral Retreat, but…
     G. Place/Proprietor: The Implied Relation
VII. Places to Avoid: Approaches to Hell
     A. Monsters along the Way I: The Sirens [pp. 210, 214]
     B. Monsters along the Way II: Skylla & KKharybdis [pp.211, 217]
     C. Monsters along the Way III: Cannibals I: The Laistrygones of Lamos [p. 168]
     D. Monster of Monsters: Cannibals II: The Land of the Kyklopes [esp.pp.148–150]
          1. Negative Spaces
          2. Not Our Sort
          3. The Frustrated Developer
          4. Inward, Ever Inward…to the Cave, and Then…
          5. Giant = Mountain…Back to the Gigantomachy
VIII. Crossover Places: When Do Men And Gods Associate?
     A. The Floating Island of Aiolia, home of the Wind King [p.165]
          1. Unusual Architecture
     B. The Cave of the Nymphs on Ithaka [pp. 232–233]
          1. Unusual Structure
          2. Function in the Voyage, or, Getting Out Of It
IX. Interrelation of Place and Myth
     A. Place as a Projection of Person’s Origin
          1. e.g., Polyphemos the Kyklops
     B. Person as Development of Place’s Characteristics
          1. e.g., Kalypso the Concealer
X. The ODYSSEY as Archetypical QUEST
     A. The Archetypical Places
          1. Enclosed Space: The Cave
          2. Enclosed Space: The Palace
          3. Semi-enclosed Space: The Garden
          4. Semi-enclosed Space: The Grove
          5. Semi-enclosed Space: The Bay
          6. Open Space: The Sea
          7. Other Space: Hell
     B. The Archetypical Situations
          1. Subcivilization
          2. Supercivilization
          3. Hostile Nature
          4. Seductive Nature
          5. Apocalypse: The Unveiling
     C. Characteristics of the Voyage
          1. Ec-centricity
          2. Telos: the overriding goal
          3. Danger
          4. Battle
          5. Decimation
          6. Prolongation
          7. Prophecy and Information
          8. Divine Intervention
          9. Storm
          10. R & R
          11. THE MARVELOUS
          12. Confusion Resolved
XI. Last Remarks on the ODYSSEY, for a bit…
     A. Homer as Realizer, if not Adumbrator
     B. A Note from Lord Raglan on the Anatomy of Quests
     C. What’s a heisenberg? or, Look, Jane, Look!
     D. A note on originality

From this time on—which is to say, from the beginning as we know it—Western Quest-literature is a series of footnotes and glosses on, and developments and expansions of, the Odyssey.


Okay, so here is where I must add some pictures so that the Appendices mentioned in the outline above can be referenced. (You should be able to click on them to enlarge.)

photo 1
photo 2
photo 3
photo 4
photo 5

I’d say, as a writer, it’s part X. of the outline that impacts my thoughts most. I mean, I’ve read The Odyssey many times over (and btw, I believe we were using Fitzgerald if you’re wondering about the page references, but it’s been long enough and I’ve read enough different translations that I can’t be sure), and then also Campbell and Vogler, but when I looked at this outline as I typed it up . . . X. made me think about my own world of AElit and the ways in which I’ve applied all these archetypes to it. We’re all just drawing from the Odysseal well.

2 thoughts on “TBT: Parageography Outline #3”

    1. Glad you’re enjoying them. I know they seem like a bit of nonsense, but if one does the work, one can actually more or less reconstruct the class and lectures by reading the books and following the outline topics. I’ll probably also post some of the assignments too.

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